Journal Information
Issue
Vol. 17. Issue 4.
Pages 163-220 (October - December 2019)
Essays and perspectives
Airport noise and wildlife conservation: What are we missing?
Renata D. Alquezar, Regina H. Macedo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:163-71

  • Airport-produced noise is unsuitable for areas of wildlife protection.

  • Noise can generate stress and jeopardize wildlife reproduction.

  • There is a need in Brazil to implement noise regulation within areas of wildlife protection.

Open access
Towards an applied metaecology
Luis Schiesari, Miguel G. Matias, Paulo Inácio Prado, Mathew A. Leibold, Cecile H. Albert, Jennifer G. Howeth, Shawn J. Leroux, Renata Pardini, Tadeu Siqueira, Pedro H.S. Brancalion, Mar Cabeza, Renato Mendes Coutinho, José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho, Bertrand Fournier, Daniel J.G. Lahr, Thomas M. Lewinsohn, Ayana Martins, Carla Morsello, Pedro R. Peres-Neto, Valério D. Pillar, Diego P. Vázquez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:172-81

  • Ecological systems are interlinked through fluxes of organisms, energy, and matter.

  • These spatial interdependencies form the basis of metaecological theory.

  • Applications in conservation and environmental management are apparent but lag behind.

  • Narrowing this gap requires incorporating realism and scenarios of environmental change.

  • Interacting scientists, practitioners and decision-makers will guide this development.

Open access
The Holy Grail of biodiversity conservation management: Monitoring impact in projects and project portfolios
P.J. Stephenson
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:182-92

  • Existing project management guidelines inadequately address the issue of planning projects in a project portfolio and how to aggregate data, so many conservation projects are badly monitored.

  • To enhance programme delivery and monitoring, I define Five Steps to Conservation Impact around: Planning; Common; Indicators; Monitoring; Interpretation; Action.

  • These steps differ from other project management guidelines by linking common goals with common indicators and measuring aggregated conservation impact.

  • Enabling conditions to ensure success include: senior managers are willing to establish a results-based management culture; attribution is considered an aspiration not a hindrance; capacity and tools are in place.

  • Making impact monitoring the norm will require a culture change within the conservation community.

Open access
How to partner with people in ecological research: Challenges and prospects
Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque, André Luiz Borba do Nascimento, Leonardo da Silva Chaves, Ivanilda Soares Feitosa, Joelson Moreno Brito de Moura, Paulo Henrique Santos Gonçalves, Risoneide Henriques da Silva, Taline Cristina da Silva, Washington Soares Ferreira Júnior, Elcida de Lima Araújo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:193-200

  • Traditional ecological knowledge can indicate alternatives for the knowledge and conservation of the natural resources.

  • Usually, researchers are not sensitized to see local people as partner in ecological studies.

  • To see local people as partners can enhance the quality and impact of ecological studies.

Open access
Policy forums
Balancing land sharing and sparing approaches to promote forest and landscape restoration in agricultural landscapes: Land approaches for forest landscape restoration
Paula Meli, José María Rey-Benayas, Pedro H.S. Brancalion
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:201-5

  • Land sharing/sparing approaches offer interdependent and complementary opportunities for Forest and Landscape Restoration.

  • Landscape configuration and governance issues drive the focus, forest types, and location of the restorative interventions.

  • Sharing/sparing opportunities should consider the social context and a multi-stakeholder process.

Open access
Research letters
Critical shifts on spatial traits and the risk of extinction of Andean anurans: an assessment of the combined effects of climate and land-use change in Colombia
William José Agudelo-Hz, Nicolás Urbina-Cardona, Dolors Armenteras-Pascual
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:206-19

  • Changes in the extent of suitable habitat and area of occupancy (AOO) were assessed by the combined effects of climate and land-use change in Andean anurans.

  • Climate and land-use changes will cause a relative loss of 63.4 % to 79.4 % of the current extent of suitable habitat and 49.6 % to 72.6 % of AOO of Andean anurans by the year 2050.

  • The collapse of the area of occupation (AOO) identified twice as many species at risk of extinction as the loss of the extent of suitable habitat.

  • Extent of suitable habitat and the area of occupancy (AOO) have great potential to measure the combined effects of climate change and land use on the future risk of extinction of the species.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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