Journal Information

Most cited

134
Deforestation control in the Brazilian Amazon: A conservation struggle being lost as agreements and regulations are subverted and bypassed
William D. Carvalho, Karen Mustin, Renato R. Hilário, Ivan M. Vasconcelos, Vivianne Eilers, Philip M. Fearnside
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:122-30
134
Highlights

  • Brazil's regulations governing deforestation and logging are often circumvented.

  • Agreements with soy and beef companies are important but need strengthening.

  • Effectiveness of commodity agreements is diminished by laundering and leakage.

  • Timber harvest and transportation permits are open to widespread fraud.

  • Ways exist to reduce circumvention of commodity agreements and regulations.

Open access
123
Why Brazil needs its Legal Reserves
Jean Paul Metzger, Mercedes M.C. Bustamante, Joice Ferreira, Geraldo Wilson Fernandes, Felipe Librán-Embid, Valério D. Pillar, Paula R. Prist, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, ... 407 scientist signatories (including 391 PhD researchers from 79 Brazilian research institutions)
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:91-103
123
Highlights

  • Legal Reserves represent almost one third of all remaining native vegetation in Brazil.

  • There is no solid argument, evidence or theory that support that Legal Reserve extinction will favor Brazil development.

  • The extinction of Legal Reserves will lead to a huge increase in native vegetation loss, with blatant negative consequences on biodiversity and ecosystem services provision.

  • Legal Reserves are a key-component for effective and less expensive nature-based solutions.

  • Legal Reserves should be considered as assets for the development of Brazil rather than liabilities.

Open access
85
There is hope for achieving ambitious Atlantic Forest restoration commitments
Renato Crouzeilles, Edson Santiami, Marcos Rosa, Ludmila Pugliese, Pedro H.S. Brancalion, Ricardo R. Rodrigues, Jean P. Metzger, Miguel Calmon, ... Severino Pinto
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:80-3
85
Open access
54
Climate change will drive mammal species loss and biotic homogenization in the Cerrado Biodiversity Hotspot
José Hidasi-Neto, Daiany Caroline Joner, Fernando Resende, Lara de Macedo Monteiro, Frederico Valtuille Faleiro, Rafael Dias Loyola, Marcus Vinicius Cianciaruso
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:57-63
54
Highlights

  • Niche modelling and Alpha and Beta diversity analyses in Brazilian Cerrado.

  • Biotic homogenization in Southern Cerrado.

  • Species richness loss throughout Cerrado.

Open access
53
Protecting forests at the expense of native grasslands: Land-use policy encourages open-habitat loss in the Brazilian cerrado biome
Juliana Bonanomi, Fernando R. Tortato, Raphael de Souza R. Gomes, Jerry M. Penha, Anderson Saldanha Bueno, Carlos A. Peres
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:26-31
53
Highlights

  • Current Brazilian environmental legislation fails to consider the habitat heterogeneity of the cerrado biome.

  • Legal reserves are severely biased in protecting forest environments at the expense of natural cerrado vegetation, thereby neglecting open-habitat biotas that are rapidly succumbing to agricultural conversion.

  • Protected areas and Indigenous Lands contain a higher proportion of non-forest habitat than Legal Reserves within private landholdings.

Open access
52
Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear in Brazil: A review
Jéssica Link, Bárbara Segal, Luiz Miguel Casarini
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:1-8
52
Highlights

  • First review on abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) in Brazil.

  • The ALDFG record began in the 1990s along beach strips.

  • Studies focusing on underwater debris began in the 2000s and ALDFG were found in all categories applied for the marine litter collected in these research efforts.

  • Only 9 studies are focused on ALDFG and started from 2009 onwards.

  • We highlight what is known, the most studied areas, and what are the knowledge gaps about ALDFG.

Open access
31
Hope and doubt for the world's marine ecosystems
H.T. Pinheiro, J.B. Teixeira, R.B. Francini-Filho, A. Soares-Gomes, C.E.L. Ferreira, L.A. Rocha
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:19-25
31
Highlights

  • Signatory parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity declared daring commitments to reach the Sustainable Development Goal 14.

  • United Nations seems optimistic with the progress achieved towards SDG 14.

  • However, major challenges presented by signatory governments are slowing down or compromising the achievement of the targets.

  • Here we present initiatives and examples that give us hope towards the sustainability of the world's marine biodiversity.

Open access
31
The soda lakes of Nhecolândia: A conservation opportunity for the Pantanal wetlands
Renato L. Guerreiro, Ivan Bergier, Michael M. McGlue, Lucas V. Warren, Urbano Gomes Pinto de Abreu, Jônatas Abrahão, Mario L. Assine
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:9-18
31
Highlights

  • Unsustainable land use changes threaten the Pantanal wetlands.

  • Origins of soda lakes in southern Pantanal (Nhecolândia) have recently been unveiled.

  • Nhecolândia's soda lakes are carbon sinks with poorly known geomicrobiology.

  • Conservation of soda lakes can benefit organic sustainable beef production.

  • Soda lake extremophiles may be analogs to early life and the deep biosphere.

Open access
30
Towards an applied metaecology
Luis Schiesari, Miguel G. Matias, Paulo Inácio Prado, Mathew A. Leibold, Cecile H. Albert, Jennifer G. Howeth, Shawn J. Leroux, Renata Pardini, ... Diego P. Vázquez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:172-81
30
Highlights

  • Ecological systems are interlinked through fluxes of organisms, energy, and matter.

  • These spatial interdependencies form the basis of metaecological theory.

  • Applications in conservation and environmental management are apparent but lag behind.

  • Narrowing this gap requires incorporating realism and scenarios of environmental change.

  • Interacting scientists, practitioners and decision-makers will guide this development.

Open access
29
The Holy Grail of biodiversity conservation management: Monitoring impact in projects and project portfolios
P.J. Stephenson
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:182-92
29
Highlights

  • Existing project management guidelines inadequately address the issue of planning projects in a project portfolio and how to aggregate data, so many conservation projects are badly monitored.

  • To enhance programme delivery and monitoring, I define Five Steps to Conservation Impact around: Planning; Common; Indicators; Monitoring; Interpretation; Action.

  • These steps differ from other project management guidelines by linking common goals with common indicators and measuring aggregated conservation impact.

  • Enabling conditions to ensure success include: senior managers are willing to establish a results-based management culture; attribution is considered an aspiration not a hindrance; capacity and tools are in place.

  • Making impact monitoring the norm will require a culture change within the conservation community.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation