Journal Information
Issue
Vol. 15. Issue 2.
Pages 65-140 (April - June 2017)
Essays and perspectives
Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: concept, scalability and a role for conservation science
Fabio Rubio Scarano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:65-73

  • Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) promotes conservation while alleviating poverty and removing GHG.

  • EbA is a policy mix that integrates development and environmental policies.

  • It triggers adaptive transition, a key step towards sustainability transitions.

  • Conservation science can boost EbA by looking into coupled human-natural systems.

  • Brazil´s policy setting favors what is possibly the planet´s largest EbA program.

Open access
Perspectives for environmental conservation and ecosystem services on coupled rural–urban systems
Ramon Felipe Bicudo da Silva, Marjorie Delgado Alves Rodrigues, Simone Aparecida Vieira, Mateus Batistella, Juliana Farinaci
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:74-81

  • Feedbacks between coupled rural–urban systems can strengthen best agricultural management practices.

  • We developed an integrative approach that considers rural and urban systems as interconnected elements of the territory.

  • Evaluating complex systems from a territorial perspective relies on the understanding of their ecological and socioeconomic dimensions.

Open access
Introducing digital cameras to monitor plant phenology in the tropics: applications for conservation
Bruna Alberton, Ricardo da S. Torres, Leonardo F. Cancian, Bruno D. Borges, Jurandy Almeida, Greice C. Mariano, Jefersson dos Santos, Leonor Patricia Cerdeira Morellato
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:82-90

  • Leaf phenology monitoring using digital cameras in tropical vegetation.

  • Digital images can track temporal changes in the vegetation structure.

  • Phenocams are potential tools for conservation biology.

  • Phenocams for tropical phenology monitoring are a promising research field in Brazil.

Open access
Where to release birds seized from illegal traffic? The value of vocal analyses and ecological niche modeling
Ludmila Macedo Magroski, Andressa do Nascimento Pessoa, Wilmara Guedes de Lucena, Alan Loures-Ribeiro, Carlos Barros de Araújo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:91-101

  • We used Ecological Niche Models (ENM) models to determine patches of suitable habitat for four bird species and vocalization parameters to test the validity of the ENM patches.

  • Vocalizations were classified among these patches through a multinomial regression.

  • The method can be used to reintroduce birds rescue from traffic, but it seems to work best for the species with little social learning, despite all four species studied showed limited vocal structure.

  • While vocal plasticity could lead to low classification efficiency, it also may aid the re-adaptation of reintroduced birds, making our methodology efficient when it matters the most.

Open access
Influence of soil granulometry on average body size in soil ant assemblages: implications for bioindication
Cinthia Borges da Costa-Milanez, Jonathan D. Majer, Paulo de Tarso Amorim Castro, Sérvio Pontes Ribeiro
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:102-8

  • The soil texture is one of the determinant factors for ant's species distribution and colonization.

  • The relationship between soil texture and ant body size influences the survival rate of colonies and then the relative density of species.

  • Changes in soil texture may promote colonization by more aggressive and generalist ants species.

  • Ants can be used as a tool bioindication of change in soil granulometry promoted by mining and monoculture activities.

Open access
Research letters
Bird-grassland associations in protected and non-protected areas in southern Brazil
Lucilene Inês Jacoboski, Raquel Klein Paulsen, Sandra Maria Hartz
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:109-14

  • We tested the importance of protected and non-protected area for conservation of grassland birds.

  • Maintaining grassland mosaics is essential for tall and short grassland birds.

  • It is important to maintain PPAs in grazing areas.

Open access
The end of the line? Rapid depletion of a large-sized grouper through spearfishing in a subtropical marginal reef
Vinicius J. Giglio, Mariana G. Bender, Cleverson Zapelini, Carlos E.L. Ferreira
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:115-8

  • The local ecological knowledge of spearfishers was assessed to verify Goliath grouper catches.

  • A rapidly decline in the catches was verified over three decades in Arraial do Cabo.

  • Non-extractive use of the species through diving tourism is encouraged.

Open access
Mapping opportunities for environmental education in a defaunated landscape
Meredith Root-Bernstein, Magdalena Bennett
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:119-23

  • Personal experience with flagship species may be important to promote conservation.

  • Central Chile lacks a large flagship species, but has smaller charismatic species.

  • We compare flagship reintroduction areas with smaller species' distributions.

  • We conclude there are fewest barriers to promoting observation of small species.

  • Whether many small species is as effective as one large species, is unknown.

Open access
Can you count on counting? Retrieving reliable data from non-lethal monitoring of micro-snails
Zofia Książkiewicz-Parulska, Bartłomiej Gołdyn
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:124-8

  • Two methods of monitoring populations of threatened wetland snails were compared.

  • The lethal and more time-consuming method of litter sampling proved to be more precise, however non-lethal in situ searching method also provided decent data, significantly correlated with the results from the first method.

  • The non-invasive searching method may thus be useful in regular monitoring programs or for general comparisons between the populations.

Open access
Policy forums
Gold at what cost? Another megaproject threatens biodiversity in the Amazon
Raffael M. Tófoli, Rosa M. Dias, Gustavo H. Zaia Alves, David J. Hoeinghaus, Luiz C. Gomes, Matheus T. Baumgartner, Angelo A. Agostinho
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:129-31

  • There are concerns and controversy related to the gold mining ‘Volta Grande Project’.

  • We raise awareness of the synergistic impacts the Volta Grande Project and Belo Monte.

  • We call attention to the impacts on the Xingu's biodiversity and its population.

Open access
Imminent threat of the predator fish invasion Salminus brasiliensis in a Neotropical ecoregion: eco-vandalism masked as an environmental project
Vinícius Ricardo Ribeiro, Pedro Rogério Leandro da Silva, Éder André Gubiani, Larissa Faria, Vanessa Salete Daga, Jean Ricardo Simões Vitule
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:132-5

  • We present the “Iguaçu Dourado” Project, which proposes a misleading development of sport fishing in the Iguaçu River basin.

  • We identified specimens of Salminus brasiliensis collected in the Iguaçu River basin from 2008.

Open access
A systematization of information on Brazilian Federal protected areas with management actions for Animal Invasive Alien Species
Tainah Corrêa Seabra Guimarães, Isabel Belloni Schmidt
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:136-40

  • The list of Brazilian federal protected areas with occurrence of invasive alien fauna is presented.

  • The planned management actions are not specific and applicable for most of the Brazilian federal protected areas.

  • In general, the choice of management performed is defined by the convenience of execution.

  • A greater coordination between planned and executed actions is needed.

  • The Brazilian institutions must act together in the prevention, control and monitoring of invasive alien fauna in federal protected areas.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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