Journal Information
Vol. 15. Issue 3.
Pages 141-244 (July - September 2017)
Special feature - mining and conservation
Special Feature - Mining and Conservation
Deadly conflicts: Mining, people, and conservation
G.W. Fernandes, Sérvio P. Ribeiro
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:141-4
Open access
Special Feature - Mining and Conservation
Essays and perspectives
Fundão tailings dam failures: the environment tragedy of the largest technological disaster of Brazilian mining in global context
Flávio Fonseca do Carmo, Luciana Hiromi Yoshino Kamino, Rogério Tobias Junior, Iara Christina de Campos, Felipe Fonseca do Carmo, Guilherme Silvino, Kenedy Junio da Silva Xavier de Castro, Mateus Leite Mauro, ... Carlos Eduardo Ferreira Pinto
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:145-51

  • The collapse of the Fundão dam was the major environmental disaster of the world mining industry.

  • We identify with high resolution satellite images the ecosystems and cultural heritage damage.

  • Contrary to post-disaster expectations, there was a setback in environmental legal planning.

Open access
Free, prior and informed consent: how to rectify the devastating consequences of harmful mining for indigenous peoples’
Angus MacInnes, Marcus Colchester, Andrew Whitmore
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:152-60

  • Chronology of extractive industry and multi-stakeholder initiatives in indigenous peoples’ territories.

  • Focus on corporate responsibility to respect indigenous peoples’ right to give or withhold consent.

  • Case studies involving ICMM member companies and the application of FPIC standard.

  • Implementation of FPIC standard fundamental in altering predominant devastating model of mining.

  • Indigenous peoples’ right to FPIC is the desired standard to protect indigenous rights.

Open access
Sustainability of Jaborandi in the eastern Brazilian Amazon
Cecilio Frois Caldeira, Tereza Cristina Giannini, Silvio Junio Ramos, Santelmo Vasconcelos, Simone Kuster Mitre, Jakeline Prata de Assis Pires, Gracialda Costa Ferreira, Selma Ohashi, ... Antonio Eduardo Furtini Neto
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:161-71

  • Pilocarpus microphyllus is the main source of the medicament for glaucoma treatment.

  • Absence of sustainable management increases the risk of extinction of the species.

  • We review our understanding of P. microphyllus and propose conservation strategies.

  • New potential areas of natural occurrence of P. microphyllus are proposed.

  • Well synchronized vegetative and reproductive patterns in field growing plants.

Open access
Special Feature - Mining and Conservation
Research letters
Impacts of mining activities on the potential geographic distribution of eastern Brazil mountaintop endemic species
João Carlos de Castro Pena, Fernando Goulart, G. Wilson Fernandes, Diego Hoffmann, Felipe S.F. Leite, Natália Britto dos Santos, Britaldo Soares-Filho, Thadeu Sobral-Souza, ... Marcos Rodrigues
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:172-8

  • We assessed the effects of mining on the distribution of mountaintop species.

  • Mining impacts more than 40% of the suitable habitat for 13 bird and anuran species.

  • Mining impacts areas estimated suitable for high richness of anuran and bird species.

Open access
Rock art and mining violence on the Australian Burrup Peninsula: language wars, economy and culture
Jeff Lewis, Belinda Lewis
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:179-86

  • Burrup Peninsula, Western Australia, hosts significant indigenous Palaeolithic art galleries.

  • Many of these petroglyph engravings are as old as 30,000 years Before Present.

  • Mining and industry are irrevocably damaging this unique cultural and natural heritage site.

  • The paper examines recent attempts to protect the heritage of the area from further destruction.

  • It focuses on World Heritage nomination, indigenous activism and complex politics of conservation.

Open access
Forest restoration can increase the Rio Doce watershed resilience
Aliny P.F. Pires, Camila L. Rezende, Eduardo D. Assad, Rafael Loyola, Fabio R. Scarano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:187-93

  • Forest restoration is one of the main strategies to recover Rio Doce watershed.

  • NVPL estimates a vegetation debt in the Rio Doce watershed of 716k hectares.

  • Forest in APPs increased water quality resilience in the Rio Doce watershed.

  • The implementation of the NVPL can stimulate the ecological recovery of Rio Doce.

  • It will also contribute to comply with several Brazilian environmental commitments.

Open access
Beyond the mining pit: the academic role in social deliberation for participatory environmental planning
João Carlos de Castro Pena, Julia Camara de Assis, Rafaela Aparecida da Silva, Laura Kyoko Honda, Maria Inez Pagani, Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:194-8

  • Academia can identify social-environmentally sensitive areas for mining activities.

  • We describe academic active involvement on participatory environmental planning.

  • We demonstrate the importance of university outreach initiatives on public issues.

Open access
Special Feature - Mining and Conservation
Policy forums
Appealing the death sentences of the Doce, São Francisco and Amazonas rivers: stopping the Mining Lobby and creating ecosystem services reserves
João Augusto Alves Meira-Neto, Andreza Viana Neri
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:199-201

  • South American river basins are endangered by mining activities and political lobbies.

  • The collapse of a dam retaining a mining waste reservoir caused a huge socio-environmental disaster in the Doce River Basin.

  • We propose restoration and conservation actions based on the creation of ecosystem services reserves.

  • Ecosystem services reserves must be established in areas of high taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic diversity.

Open access
Degradation by coal mining should be priority in restoration planning
Edilane Rocha-Nicoleite, Gerhard Ernst Overbeck, Sandra Cristina Müller
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:202-5

  • Coal mining in Santa Catarina (Brazil) has resulted in 6500ha of severely degraded land.

  • Restoration has been neglected for a long time, threatening environment and health.

  • These severely degraded sites need to be restoration priority in the Atlantic Forest.

  • Restoration needs realistic goals and adequate and specific techniques.

  • If not restored, long-term costs may be much higher than the cost of restoration.

Open access
Biodiversity monitoring in the environmental impact assessment of mining projects: a (persistent) waste of time and money?
Amanda Monique da Silva Dias, Alberto Fonseca, Adriano Pereira Paglia
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:206-8

  • Biodiversity monitoring in EIAs generally lack scientific rigor.

  • They are unable to clearly correlate biodiversity information and mining impacts.

  • The negligence in follow up controls can jeopardize conservation efforts.

  • Improving biodiversity monitoring in EIAs of mining projects is necessary.

  • Unfortunately, many efforts are being made to facilitate the license process.

Open access
Regular issue
Regular Issue
Essays and perspectives
Movement ecology research to advance conservation of South America's grassland migratory birds
Alex E. Jahn, Vanesa Bejarano, Víctor R. Cueto, Adrián S. Di Giacomo, Carla S. Fontana
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:209-15

  • Grasslands in South America are currently experiencing rapid and widespread impacts from activities such as urbanization and conversion to agriculture.

  • However, we still understand little about how such a rapidly changing landscape affects numerous grassland migratory birds on the continent.

  • The application of recent advances in the field of movement ecology has the potential to significantly improve our understanding of the ecology and behavior of grassland migratory birds in South America.

  • We review the current state of knowledge about grassland birds that migrate within South America and how the emerging field of movement ecology can contribute to understanding how to conserve and manage their populations.

Open access
Regular Issue
Research letters
Incorporating landscape ecology metrics into environmental impact assessment in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Matheus Fernandes Dalloz, Renato Crouzeilles, Mauricio Almeida-Gomes, Bernardo Papi, Jayme Augusto Prevedello
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:216-20

  • Landscape metrics can be incorporated into Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

  • Habitat availability (HA) can assist identification of best alternative locations of powerlines.

  • HA outperforms other four widely used landscape metrics in the context of EIA.

  • HA is useful to support decision-making involved in EIA.

Open access
Dog invasion in agroforests: The importance of households, roads and dog population size in the surroundings
Cláudia Lilian Alves dos Santos, Ana Paula Silva, Sirleide Batista dos Santos, Renata Pardini, Camila Righetto Cassano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:221-6

  • Dog invasions tended to be higher in agroforests located nearer a household.

  • Roughly 50% of invading dogs did not live in site surroundings.

  • Dogs are likely to perform long displacements in agroforestry landscapes.

  • Strategies to reduce impacts on wildlife will gain from studies on movement ecology.

Open access
Invasive potential of the pied crow (Corvus albus) in eastern Brazil: best to eradicate before it spreads
Jose Ricardo Pires Adelino, Luiz dos Anjos, Marcos Robalinho Lima
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:227-33

  • We modeled the potential distribution of the pied crow in Brazil.

  • Landscape infrastructure was the most important predictor of pied crows.

  • Pied crow entry points are mainly along the coast of the Atlantic Forest.

  • Surveillance efforts should mainly be focused in the southeast of Brazil.

Open access
Exploring seed to seed effects for understanding invasive species success
Anaclara Guido, Daniela Hoss, Valério D. Pillar
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:234-8

  • Earlier germination of E. plana may explain its high invasion potential in southern Brazil.

  • E. plana seeds did not affect germination of native seeds in laboratory conditions.

  • Seeds of some native grasses delayed E. plana germination and decreased its leave and root growth.

  • Our results may reveal potential options for restoring invaded grasslands in southern Brazil.

Open access
Regular Issue
Policy forum
Dismantling Brazil's science threatens global biodiversity heritage
G. Wilson Fernandes, Mariana M. Vale, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Mercedes M.C. Bustamante, Carlos E.V. Grelle, Helena Godoy Bergallo, William E. Magnusson, Alberto Akama, ... Valério D. Pillar
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2017;15:239-43

  • Robust information on biodiversity patterns and trends is important for public policies for nature conservation and sustainable development.

  • Current Brazilian policy of cuts in science puts research programs and long term monitoring of biodiversity at risk.

  • Reduced spending will have long-term negative impacts on capacity building in science and technology.

  • Cuts will reduce Brazil's capability to predict, mitigate negative impacts of, and adapt to global environmental changes.

  • Cuts will result in less effective and efficient conservation strategies, threatening ecosystem services and human well-being, and in failure to reach the National Targets for Biodiversity 2011–2020.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation