Journal Information
Vol. 18. Issue 3.
Pages 145-212 (July - September 2020)
Essays & perspectives
A Model of Collaborative Governance for Community-based Trophy-Hunting Programs in Developing Countries
Inayat Ullah, Dong-Young Kim
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:145-60

  • Local communities cooperate and participate in CBTH programs due to power-imbalance between strong governments and weak communities who neighbor or live closely with wildlife.

  • Contingency propositions that help practitioners and governments to understand and implement projects that seek environmental conservation in collaboration with local communities.

  • Key components of community-based trophy hunting programs identified and defined.

  • Factors affecting CBTH program’s process that determine the outcomes of CBTH programs.

Open access
Research letters
Opportunities to close the gap between science and practice for Marine Protected Areas in Brazil
Morena Mills(), Rafael A. Magris, Mariana M.P.B. Fuentes, Roberta Bonaldo, Dannieli F. Herbst, Monique C.S. Lima, Isabela K.G. Kerber, Leopoldo C. Gerhardinger, Rodrigo L. de Moura, Camila Domit, João B. Teixeira, Hudson T. Pinheiro, Gabriel Vianna, Rodrigo Rodrigues de Freitas
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:161-8

  • Identifying specific and quantitative objectives and linking them to timeframes and budgets.

  • Developing strategic monitoring and evaluation programs focussed on MPA performance.

  • Enabling local stakeholders to participate in planning processes.

  • Explicitly considering MPA costs and leveraging existing sources of funding.

  • Decentralizing resource management and empowering local stakeholders to manage resources sustainably.

Open access
Landscape changes decrease genetic diversity in the Pallas’ long-tongued bat
Rosane G. Collevatti, Luciana C. Vitorino, Thiago B. Vieira, Monik Oprea, Mariana P.C. Telles
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:169-77

  • The replacement of natural vegetation to agriculture, pastures or urban matrices decreased genetic diversity in the Palla’s long-tongued bat.

  • Pallas’s long-tongued bat had a quasi-stable range distribution since the last Glacial Maximum.

  • The Quaternary climate changes had no significant effects on the genetic diversity of the Palla’s long-tongued bat.

  • Populations of the Palla’s long-tongued bat was differentiated by isolation-by-distance, but not by environment.

  • Our findings point to the maintenance of large areas of natural vegetation to conserve genetic diversity in the Palla’s long-tongued bat.

Open access
Unravelling effects of grazing intensity on genetic diversity and fitness of desert vegetation
Y. Ivón Pelliza, C.P. Souto, M. Tadey
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:178-89

  • Large herbivores cause genetic diversity loss between cohorts in a desert shrub.

  • Parental and offspring cohorts showed increasing inbreeding.

  • Livestock reduced seed set, seedling emergence and increased offspring mortality.

  • Unmanaged large exotic herbivores seriously affect dryland vegetation structure.

  • Disturbance jeopardize plant evolutionary potential thought complex effects.

Open access
Biased research generates large gaps on invertebrate biota knowledge in Brazilian freshwater ecosystems
Graciele de Barros, Maiara Tábatha da Silva Brito, Luiza Moura Peluso, Érika de Faria, Thiago J. Izzo, Alberto L. Teixido
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:190-6

  • The zooplankton was the most studied taxon, followed by mollusks and crabs, and it was also dominant across the hydrographic regions.

  • Cases about microplastics were reported only in three regions.

  • The hydrographic region of Paraná comprised the largest number of cases for the three invertebrate groups.

  • It was detected a disproportionately low increase of number of cases in relation to population density in the hydrographic regions.

Open access
Level-2 ecological integrity: Assessing ecosystems in a changing world
Charles A. Martin, Raphaël Proulx
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:197-202

  • Measuring objectively the ecological integrity of an ecosystem is a complex task.

  • Deviation of an indicator variable from a reference relationship is a measure of integrity.

  • Plant biomass (indicator) is constrained by vegetation height (context variable).

  • Fragmentation (indicator) is constrained by the amount of habitats (context variable).

  • In the anthropocene, conservation goals must be set without pristine reference states.

Open access
Invasion by a non-native willow (Salix × rubens) in Brazilian subtropical highlands
Rafael Barbizan Sühs, Michele de Sá Dechoum, Silvia Renate Ziller
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:203-9

  • Salix × rubens (hybrid crack willow) is invading Brazilian riparian ecosystems

  • Most individuals occurred exclusively along watercourses and floodplains

  • Water transport can facilitate hybrid crack willow dissemination

  • Cultivation and transport must include measures to prevent biological invasions

  • Such measures have still not been established by the government

Open access
Opinion papers
Sugarcane: Brazilian public policies threaten the Amazon and Pantanal biomes
Mendelson Lima, Carlos Antonio da Silva Junior, Tatiane Deotti Pelissari, Thaís Lourençoni, Iago Manuelson Santos Luz, Francis Junior Araujo Lopes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:210-2

  • Brazilian government liberates the sugarcane plantations in the Pantanal and the Amazon.

  • This non-sanctioned crop is likely to become the newest driver of deforestation in these biomes.

  • Direct and indirect conversion of forests can create a carbon balance debt that could take centuries to offset.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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