Journal Information
Vol. 16. Num. 3.July - September 2018
Pages 121-168
Regular issue
Regular Issue
Policy forum
Science and democracy must orientate Brazil's path to sustainability
Ricardo Dobrovolski, Rafael Loyola, Ludmila Rattis, Sidney Feitosa Gouveia, Domingos Cardoso, Rejane Santos-Silva, Daniel Gonçalves-Souza, Luis Mauricio Bini, José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:121-4

  • Brazil fought poverty, environmental destruction, and education shortfalls.

  • Succeeding in social and environmental issues made Brazil a leader by example.

  • Crisis resulted in drastic cuts of social and environmental funding in Brazil.

  • Crisis is justifying a wider gap between science and policy in Brazil.

  • To boost the engagement of people in decision-making is mandatory to defeat crisis.

Open access
Research letters
Poor alignment of priorities between scientists and policymakers highlights the need for evidence-informed conservation in Brazil
Manoela Karam-Gemael, Rafael Loyola, Jerry Penha, Thiago Izzo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:125-32

  • Priorities for scientists and decision makers in conservation agenda do not match.

  • Only 6% of decision makers feel themselves well informed about conservation.

  • Science is not being sufficiently applied to support policies in Brazil.

Open access
Tropical secondary forest enrichment using giant stakes of keystone figs
Rakan A. Zahawi, J. Leighton Reid
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:133-8

  • We evaluate 8 Ficus species for their ability to resprout and establish from large cuttings (≥2m).

  • Three species had high establishment rates and several individuals produced fruit within 1–2 years.

  • Ability to resprout had a phylogenetic signal with species in the subgenus Urostigma (hemiepiphytes) more likely to establish.

  • Technique is broadly accessible given pantropical distribution of group, and has potential to rapidly integrate keystone species into regenerating ecosystems.

Open access
Matrix and area effects on the nutritional condition of understory birds in Amazonian rainforest fragments
Angélica Hernández-Palma, Philip C Stouffer
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:139-45

  • Fragment size and landscape change affect the nutritional condition of birds.

  • Feather growth rate was lower in fragments surrounded by young borders.

  • Feather growth rate increased with fragment size and age of second-growth in matrix.

  • Ptilochronology useful to study effects of fragmentation and landscape change.

Open access
Why some management practices determine the risk of livestock predation by felids in the Selva Maya, Mexico? Conservation strategies
M.M. Zarco-González, O. Monroy-Vilchis, D. Sima, A. López, A. García-Martínez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:146-50

  • Conservation of carnivores has been undermined where livestock herding is conducted.

  • Identify the management practices of livestock related with predation is important.

  • Distance to water sources was different between ranches with and without predation.

  • Hunting of wildlife in the area by human communities may lead livestock predation.

  • The availability of water in low-risk areas could reduce the losses by predation.

Open access
Rodent occupancy in grassland paddocks subjected to different grazing intensities in South Brazil
André Luís Luza, José Pedro Pereira Trindade, Renan Maestri, Leandro da Silva Duarte, Sandra Maria Hartz
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:151-7

  • Human and livestock biomass far outweigh the biomass of extant or extinct mammals.

  • We evaluated detection and occupation of rodents in grazed and ungrazed paddocks.

  • All three rodent species showed higher detection probabilities during the winter.

  • The less vagile species had higher occupation probabilities in ungrazed paddocks.

  • Decreasing stocking rates along with ungrazed areas are best management practices.

Open access
Effects of initial disturbances and grazing regime on native grassland invasion by Eragrostis plana in southern Brazil
Rodrigo Baggio, Renato Borges de Medeiros, Telmo Focht, Lidiane da Rosa Boavista, Valério D. Pillar, Sandra C. Müller
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:158-65

  • Eragrostis plana invasion in native grasslands in southern Brazil is a serious conservation problem due to its low palatability and ability to rapidly spread.

  • Soil scarification increased the rate of E. plana invasion and changed the composition and diversity of plant communities.

  • Levels of E. plana invasion were low in all grazing systems when soils were undisturbed. Moderately grazed grasslands can resist the invasion by E. plana.

Open access
Reply to Biodiversity conservation gaps in Brazil: A role for systematic conservation planning
Ubirajara Oliveira, Britaldo Silveira Soares-Filho, Adriano Pereira Paglia, Antonio D. Brescovit, Claudio J.B. de Carvalho, Daniel Paiva Silva, Daniella T. Rezende, Felipe Sá Fortes Leite, João Aguiar Nogueira Batista, João Paulo Peixoto Pena Barbosa, João Renato Stehmann, John S. Ascher, Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos, Paulo De Marco, Peter Löwenberg-Neto, Viviane Gianluppi Ferro, Adalberto J. Santos
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation 2018;16:166-7
Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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