Journal Information
Vol. 19. Issue 2.
Pages 109-232 (April - June 2021)
Policy forums
COVID-19 pandemic as a learning path for grounding conservation policies in science
Renata Pardini, Diana Bertuol-Garcia, Beatriz Demasi Araújo, João Pedro Mesquita, Beatriz Moraes Murer, Marcella do Carmo Pônzio, Fernando Silvério Ribeiro, Mariana Laganaro Rossi, Paulo Inácio Prado
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:109-14

  • The pandemic brought to light diverse issues concerning the science-policy interface.

  • These issues are particularly relevant for conservation science and practice.

  • To tackle them requires recognizing that science is not value-free.

  • Science should be immersed in processes that include conflict mediation to set goals.

  • To that end, it is vital to change science policies and training.

Open access
Opportunities and challenges of other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) for biodiversity conservation
Helena Alves-Pinto, Jonas Geldmann, Harry Jonas, Veronica Maioli, Andrew Balmford, Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec, Renato Crouzeilles, Bernardo Strassburg
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:115-20

  • The inclusion of OECMs into the post-2020 GBF may enable the recognition of other actors.

  • OECMs can contribute to improve linkages between equitable and effective conservation.

  • OECM’s identification, reporting and monitoring are a challenge.

  • Robust guidelines, and improved monitoring, are recommended to ensure OECMs integrity.

Open access
Essays and perspectives
Conservation biology: four decades of problem- and solution-based research
Carlos Roberto Fonseca, Gustavo B. Paterno, Demétrio L. Guadagnin, Eduardo M. Venticinque, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Gislene Ganade, Jean Paul Metzger, Johannes Kollmann, Johannes Sauer, Márcio Zikán Cardoso, Priscila F.M. Lopes, Rafael S. Oliveira, Valério D. Pillar, Wolfgang W. Weisser
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:121-30

  • Conservation biology literature is dominated by problem-based research.

  • Solution-based papers are becoming more common along the last four decades.

  • Solution-to-problem word ratio suggests greater concern with conservation action.

  • Higher emphasis on solution-based research can advance biodiversity conservation.

Open access
Collaborative management as a way to enhance Araucaria Forest resilience
Mario M. Tagliari, Carolina Levis, Bernardo M. Flores, Graziela D. Blanco, Carolina T. Freitas, Juliano A. Bogoni, Ghislain Vieilledent, Nivaldo Peroni
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:131-42

  • Top-down restrictive measures are the basis of Araucaria Forest System conservation

  • Bottom-up collaborative management could favor keystone plant Araucaria angustifolia

  • Top-down model had negative feedback that dampens the system limiting its resilience

  • Bottom-up model had positive feedback expanding the system and its general resilience

  • Collaborative management could maintain the Araucaria Forests System in the long term

Open access
A framework for identifying and integrating sociocultural and environmental elements of indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ landscape transformations
Juliano Franco-Moraes, Charles Roland Clement, Joana Cabral de Oliveira, Alexandre Adalardo de Oliveira
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:143-52

  • IPLC’ landscape transformations include sociocultural–environmental feedbacks.

  • Local worldviews, social institutions and knowledge influence IPLC management systems.

  • Management systems influence ecological processes and patterns across generations.

  • Ecological processes and patterns influence IPLC sociocultures across generations.

  • Biocultural conservation requires valuing local sociocultural–environmental feedbacks.

Open access
Are invasive marmosets harmful to Atlantic Forest birds?
Marina T. Zaluar, Mariana M. Vale
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:153-60

  • Marmosets are thought to be harmful to birds in areas where they were introduced.

  • The vast majority of the studies retrieved were about marmoset's diet Marmosets eat mostly plant items, plus some animal items, especially arthropods.

  • There are few published records of birds predation by marmosets in invaded areas.

  • More studies on population trends of birds preyed by marmosets are urgently needed.

  • Marmosets eat mostly plant items, plus some animal items, especially arthropods.

Open access
Land-use changes lead to functional loss of terrestrial mammals in a Neotropical rainforest
Marcelo Magioli, Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Adriano Garcia Chiarello, Mauro Galetti, Eleonore Zulnara Freire Setz, Adriano Pereira Paglia, Nerea Abrego, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Otso Ovaskainen
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:161-70

  • Mammal richness and body mass are directly and negatively affected by deforestation.

  • Vulnerable ecological functions lose prevalence with land-use change.

  • Persistent ecological functions are benefitted by increasing anthropogenic land-use.

  • Five out of ten ecological functions lose prevalence in human-modified landscapes.

  • The loss of ecological functions might compromise the persistence of forest remnants.

Open access
Bird Conservation in Brazil: Challenges and practical solutions for a key megadiverse country
Pedro Ferreira Develey
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:171-8

  • Brazil is among the three countries with the highest diversity of bird species in the Americas, but it is the first in number of threatened birds with 166 species.

  • Greatest number of endangered species are recorded in the Atlantic Forest.

  • 79,500 ha of new areas officially protect the most endangered bird species in Brazil.

  • 30-40,000 Brazilian birdwatchers generating information for bird conservation.

Open access
Research letters
Differential effects of fire on the occupancy of small mammals in neotropical savanna-gallery forests
Tania Marisol González, Juan David González-Trujillo, Alberto Muñoz, Dolors Armenteras
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:179-88

  • Fire has a strong impact in structuring the community of non-volant small mammals.

  • Fire may restrict and promote the occurrence of different mammal species.

  • Vegetation attributes have a fundamental role in the occupancy by small mammals.

  • Fire might disrupt gallery forests’ functioning affecting keystone interactions.

Open access
Factors influencing bat road casualties in a Neotropical savanna
Daniel de Figueiredo Ramalho, Débora Resende, Thiago Furtado de Oliveira, Rodrigo Augusto Lima Santos, Ludmilla Moura de Souza Aguiar
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:189-94

  • Estimation of over 4740 road-killed bats during a 5-year period.

  • Phyllostomidae bats were the most affected by roadkill in the study area.

  • Road casualties were more numerous during rainy season.

  • Collisions occurred 12 times more in four-lane highways than in two-lane ones.

  • Distance from water and presence of light were not significantly related to roadkill.

Open access
Climate change will reduce the potential distribution ranges of Colombia’s most valuable pollinators
Victor H. Gonzalez, Marlon E. Cobos, Joanna Jaramillo, Rodulfo Ospina
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:195-206

  • Most species have restricted distribution within the natural regions of Colombia.

  • Seven of nine species would experience reduction in their climatically suitable areas.

  • Relocation of nests outside bees’ native range needs to be avoided.

  • Conservation policies and monitoring programs are urgently needed.

Open access
Beyond patch size: The impact of regional context and habitat quality on three endangered primates
Carmen Galán-Acedo, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Colin A. Chapman
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:207-15

  • Primate responses to forest patch size and quality vary among species and regions.

  • Patch size is the best predictor of two species in two different regions.

  • Patch quality (vegetation attributes) better predicts primates in two regions.

  • Conservation outcomes can improve if considering both patch size and quality.

Open access
Climate change and biological invasion as additional threats to an imperiled palm
Aline Cavalcante de Souza, Jayme Augusto Prevedello
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:216-24

  • Native and non-native congeneric species respond differently to climate change.

  • Climate change reduces environmental suitability for the native Euterpe edulis.

  • Climate change impacts on E. edulis are spatially heterogeneous.

  • Current and future overlap areas are concentrated mostly in the southeastern region.

  • Introduction of the non-native E. oleracea should be avoided.

Open access
Out of sight, out of mind: Phylogenetic and taxonomic gaps imply great underestimations of the species’ vulnerability to global climate change
Javier Maximiliano Cordier, Octavio Rojas-Soto, Romina Semhan, Cristian Simón Abdala, Javier Nori
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:225-31

  • Filling Linnean shortfalls increase the marginality of the species’ climatic niche.

  • Filling Linnean shortfalls decrease climatic niches breadth.

  • To discover taxonomical radiations increases the estimated climatic change exposure.

  • Taxonomy and systematics are essential for conservation biology.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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