Journal Information
Vol. 19. Issue 1.
Pages 1-108 (January - March 2021)
Essays and perspectives
Legislation and pollination: Recommendations for policymakers and scientists
Juliana Hipólito, Jeferson Coutinho, Thiago Mahlmann, Thymon Brian Rocha Santana, William E. Magnusson
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:1-9

  • Public awareness policies needs to be more comprehensive and interdisciplinary.

  • Brazilian scientists should be consulted and participate in proposing laws.

  • Non bee pollinators must be considered in protective policies.

  • Brazilian largest biome has the lower number of pollinator-policies.

  • Policies on biodiversity protection in cities and on long-term monitoring are necessary.

Open access
The importance of Indigenous Territories for conserving bat diversity across the Amazon biome
Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Adrià López-Baucells, Paúl M. Velazco, Arun Gyawali, Ricardo Rocha, Julien Terraube, Mar Cabeza
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:10-20

  • Indigenous lands can play a role in safeguarding bat diversity across the Amazon.

  • Indigenous Territories harbour high numbers of threatened and data deficient species.

  • Partnerships with Indigenous communities can improve bat knowledge and conservation.

Open access
Opinion paper
Landscape ecology in the Anthropocene: an overview for integrating agroecosystems and biodiversity conservation
Juliana Silveira dos Santos, Pavel Dodonov, Júlia Emi F. Oshima, Felipe Martello, Andrelisa Santos de Jesus, Manuel Eduardo Ferreira, Carlos M. Silva-Neto, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Rosane Garcia Collevatti
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:21-32

  • Agroecosystem management needs to be considered in landscape ecology studies.

  • Three components of heterogeneity are important to characterize agroecosystems.

  • Studies should include the economic gains provided by ecological farming practices.

  • Studies should include social and economic components of agricultural landscapes.

  • Fine spatial and temporal data are necessary to better characterize agroecosystems.

Open access
Policy forums
The emergence of a new deforestation hotspot in Amazonia
Guilherme A.V. Mataveli, Michel E.D. Chaves, Nathaniel A. Brunsell, Luiz E.O.C. Aragão
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:33-6

  • Bidding notices for paving the BR-319 highway were recently announced.

  • No environmental impact study on the effects of this project were conducted in the most preserved portion of the highway.

  • Approximately 90% of the direct influence zone of the BR-319 highway is composed of pristine vegetation.

  • Deforestation alerts and active fires have increased after the publishing of the bidding notices.

  • This suggests the absence of a clear strategy for the sustainable development and conservation of the Brazilian Amazon.

Open access
Management of vampire bats and rabies: a precaution for rewilding projects in the Neotropics
Fernando Gonçalves, Mauro Galetti, Daniel G. Streicker
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:37-42

  • Certainly attention needs to be brought to the potential consequences of creating novel animal communities on disease transmission

  • Bats host pathogens that cause significant human and animal morbidity and mortality.

  • We highlight how to prevent, detect and mitigate vampire bats and rabies in rewilding projects.

Open access
Research letters
Species distribution model reveals only highly fragmented suitable patches remaining for giant armadillo in the Brazilian Cerrado
Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Bruna Gomes de Oliveira, Nina Attias, Arnaud Leonard Jean Desbiez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:43-52

  • Probability of giant armadillo presence was associated with forests and savannas.

  • In Mato Grosso do Sul, suitable habitat is heavily fragmented.

  • Less suitable altered habitat presents high resistance for travel and dispersal.

  • There are only 69 patches of suitable habitat ≥25 km2 in the region.

  • Populations surviving in these remnants could be declining or functionally extinct.

Open access
Climate change threatens the woody plant taxonomic and functional diversities of the Restinga vegetation in Brazil
Gabriel M. Inague, Victor P. Zwiener, Márcia C.M. Marques
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:53-60

  • The Restinga is an Atlantic Forest neglected phytophysiognomy.

  • 2050 climatic projections show species loss may reach 19%.

  • Beta-diversity heterogenization and functional homogenization are expected.

  • These results warn for a critical loss of biodiversity in progress.

  • The Restinga should be included in plans for adaptation to climate change.

Open access
Does patch quality drive arboreal mammal assemblages in fragmented rainforests?
Sabine J. Cudney-Valenzuela, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Ellen Andresen, Tarin Toledo-Aceves, Francisco Mora-Ardila, Gabriel Andrade-Ponce, Salvador Mandujano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:61-8

  • We assessed the effect of patch size and quality on tropical arboreal mammals

  • Mammal diversity was mainly and positively related to tree basal area

  • Species composition was associated with both patch size and quality

  • Our findings support the high conservation value of small forest patches

  • Promoting the maintenance of large trees in fragmented forests is also paramount

Open access
Plant diversity conservation in highly deforested landscapes of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Julia R.S.A. Mangueira, Leandro T.A. Vieira, Thaís N. Azevedo, Ana Paula S. Sabino, Kátia M.P.M.B. Ferraz, Sílvio F.B. Ferraz, Débora C. Rother, Ricardo R. Rodrigues
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:69-80

  • Matrices influence plant diversity of inferior stratum, being higher in pastureland.

  • Time since abandonment positively influences plant diversity of the superior stratum.

  • Beta diversity is high at the studied highly deforested landscapes in Atlantic Forest.

  • In sugarcane matrix, richness and composition were explained by landscape structure.

  • In pastureland matrix, plant diversity was more related to landscape dynamic metrics.

Open access
The underestimated role of small fragments for carnivore dispersal in the Atlantic Forest
Milena F. Diniz, Marco T.P. Coelho, Fernanda G. de Sousa, Érica Hasui, Rafael Loyola
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:81-9

  • Small Atlantic Forest remnants are key to carnivore population connectivity.

  • Stepping stones can particularly promote the dispersal of far-ranging species.

  • Human activities overlap with 29%–70% of the movement corridors for carnivores.

  • Only 15% of the area covered by key small forest remnants is currently protected.

  • Restoration initiatives focusing on key forest remnants would benefit species movement.

Open access
Predicting the invasion of the acoustic niche: Potential distribution and call transmission efficiency of a newly introduced frog in Cuba
Sergio L. del Castillo Domínguez, Carlos A. Mancina González, Evelyn Bandera Fernández, Leneidy Pérez Pelea, Frank Cézilly, Roberto Alonso Bosch
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:90-7

  • Two combined methods to predict the invasion of the acoustic niche in amphibians.

  • Species distribution models predicts the establishment and spreading of the invasive species Leptodactylus fragilis in Cuba.

  • Optimal transmission of acoustic signals of invasive species in suitable areas might interfere with the acoustic communication of the native amphibian species, Peltophryne empusa.

Open access
Integrating socio-ecological information to address human–top predator conflicts: the case of an endangered eagle in the eastern Andes of Colombia
Santiago Zuluaga, F. Hernán Vargas, Juan M. Grande
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:98-107

  • Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is a growing problem that is often exacerbated near wilderness areas.

  • Higher losses of domestic fowl in the most forested areas induced lower levels of people's tolerance towards the Black-and-chestnut Eagle.

  • Mountain villages with higher human density had more human and Black-and-chestnut eagle conflict.

  • Conservation actions should focus on the most forested villages where human-eagle conflict is higher.

  • The implementation of a socio-ecological approach clearly improved understanding of HWC.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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