Journal Information

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Hope and doubt for the world's marine ecosystems
H.T. Pinheiro, J.B. Teixeira, R.B. Francini-Filho, A. Soares-Gomes, C.E.L. Ferreira, L.A. Rocha
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:19-25

  • Signatory parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity declared daring commitments to reach the Sustainable Development Goal 14.

  • United Nations seems optimistic with the progress achieved towards SDG 14.

  • However, major challenges presented by signatory governments are slowing down or compromising the achievement of the targets.

  • Here we present initiatives and examples that give us hope towards the sustainability of the world's marine biodiversity.

Open access
Why Brazil needs its Legal Reserves
Jean Paul Metzger, Mercedes M.C. Bustamante, Joice Ferreira, Geraldo Wilson Fernandes, Felipe Librán-Embid, Valério D. Pillar, Paula R. Prist, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Ima Célia G. Vieira, Gerhard E. Overbeck
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:91-103

  • Legal Reserves represent almost one third of all remaining native vegetation in Brazil.

  • There is no solid argument, evidence or theory that support that Legal Reserve extinction will favor Brazil development.

  • The extinction of Legal Reserves will lead to a huge increase in native vegetation loss, with blatant negative consequences on biodiversity and ecosystem services provision.

  • Legal Reserves are a key-component for effective and less expensive nature-based solutions.

  • Legal Reserves should be considered as assets for the development of Brazil rather than liabilities.

Open access
The soda lakes of Nhecolândia: A conservation opportunity for the Pantanal wetlands
Renato L. Guerreiro, Ivan Bergier, Michael M. McGlue, Lucas V. Warren, Urbano Gomes Pinto de Abreu, Jônatas Abrahão, Mario L. Assine
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:9-18

  • Unsustainable land use changes threaten the Pantanal wetlands.

  • Origins of soda lakes in southern Pantanal (Nhecolândia) have recently been unveiled.

  • Nhecolândia's soda lakes are carbon sinks with poorly known geomicrobiology.

  • Conservation of soda lakes can benefit organic sustainable beef production.

  • Soda lake extremophiles may be analogs to early life and the deep biosphere.

Open access
Abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear in Brazil: A review
Jéssica Link, Bárbara Segal, Luiz Miguel Casarini
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:1-8

  • First review on abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) in Brazil.

  • The ALDFG record began in the 1990s along beach strips.

  • Studies focusing on underwater debris began in the 2000s and ALDFG were found in all categories applied for the marine litter collected in these research efforts.

  • Only 9 studies are focused on ALDFG and started from 2009 onwards.

  • We highlight what is known, the most studied areas, and what are the knowledge gaps about ALDFG.

Open access
Deforestation control in the Brazilian Amazon: A conservation struggle being lost as agreements and regulations are subverted and bypassed
William D. Carvalho, Karen Mustin, Renato R. Hilário, Ivan M. Vasconcelos, Vivianne Eilers, Philip M. Fearnside
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:122-30

  • Brazil's regulations governing deforestation and logging are often circumvented.

  • Agreements with soy and beef companies are important but need strengthening.

  • Effectiveness of commodity agreements is diminished by laundering and leakage.

  • Timber harvest and transportation permits are open to widespread fraud.

  • Ways exist to reduce circumvention of commodity agreements and regulations.

Open access
Hunting in Brazil: What are the options?
Chiara Bragagnolo, Gabriela M. Gama, Felipe A.S. Vieira, João Vitor Campos-Silva, Enrico Bernard, Ana C.M. Malhado, Ricardo A. Correia, Paul Jepson, Sergio H.C. de Carvalho, Márcio A. Efe, Richard J. Ladle
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:71-9

  • Hunting is banned in Brazil.

  • Illegal hunting in Brazil is widespread and cultural embedded.

  • Data about wildlife, habitat distribution and motivations for hunting are lacking.

  • Main factors driving non-compliance are analyzed and discussed.

  • Policy options to deal with hunting in the future are proposed.

Open access
Climate change will drive mammal species loss and biotic homogenization in the Cerrado Biodiversity Hotspot
José Hidasi-Neto, Daiany Caroline Joner, Fernando Resende, Lara de Macedo Monteiro, Frederico Valtuille Faleiro, Rafael Dias Loyola, Marcus Vinicius Cianciaruso
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:57-63

  • Niche modelling and Alpha and Beta diversity analyses in Brazilian Cerrado.

  • Biotic homogenization in Southern Cerrado.

  • Species richness loss throughout Cerrado.

Open access
Protecting forests at the expense of native grasslands: Land-use policy encourages open-habitat loss in the Brazilian cerrado biome
Juliana Bonanomi, Fernando R. Tortato, Raphael de Souza R. Gomes, Jerry M. Penha, Anderson Saldanha Bueno, Carlos A. Peres
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:26-31

  • Current Brazilian environmental legislation fails to consider the habitat heterogeneity of the cerrado biome.

  • Legal reserves are severely biased in protecting forest environments at the expense of natural cerrado vegetation, thereby neglecting open-habitat biotas that are rapidly succumbing to agricultural conversion.

  • Protected areas and Indigenous Lands contain a higher proportion of non-forest habitat than Legal Reserves within private landholdings.

Open access
Geographic bias in the media reporting of aquatic versus terrestrial human predator conflicts and its conservation implications
Hugo Bornatowski, Nigel E. Hussey, Cláudio L.S. Sampaio, Rodrigo R.P. Barreto
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:32-5

  • Terrestrial predator–human conflicts occur predominantly in developing nations.

  • Shark–human conflicts occur in the developed world, with rapid mass media coverage.

  • Terrestrial predator–human conflicts only were reported when are linked to western people (basically hunters or visitors).

  • The media is often determined to over sensationalize without consideration of impacts for conservation.

Open access
The paradoxical situation of the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil
Mendelson Lima, Carlos Augusto Peres, Mark Ilan Abrahams, Carlos Antonio da Silva Junior, Gerlane de Medeiros Costa, Reginaldo Carvalho dos Santos
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2019;17:36-9

  • White-lipped peccaries are still abundant in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

  • They are severely persecuted by farmers due to damage they cause to maize plantations.

  • The expansion of agribusiness frontiers in the Amazon biome will likely result in further conflict.

  • There is a need to mitigate crop damage and increase farmer's tolerance.

  • Measures need to be developed to curtail the slaughter of white-lipped peccaries.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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