Journal Information

Most often read

3436
Potential native timber production in tropical forest restoration plantations
Pedro Medrado Krainovic, Angélica Faria de Resende, Nino Tavares Amazonas, Catherine Torres de Almeida, Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida, Carina Camargo Silva, Henrique Sverzut Freire de Andrade, Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:294-301
3436
Highlights

  • Most native species produced stems of reasonable quality in restoration plantations.

  • Tree growth limited the potential for timber production in ecological restoration.

  • Silviculture operations and improvement are crucial for producing native timber.

  • Logging based on growth optimized the timber production vs time relation.

  • Species-specific growth models can maximize timber production and guide harvesting.

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1562
Biological invasions are as costly as natural hazards
Anna J. Turbelin, Ross N. Cuthbert, Franz Essl, Phillip J. Haubrock, Anthony Ricciardi, Franck Courchamp
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:143-50
1562
Highlights

  • Damage costs from biological invasions and natural hazards are of similar magnitude.

  • Global biological invasion costs increased by 702% from 1980–1999 to 2000–2019.

  • Invasion costs increased faster than natural hazard damages over time (1980–2019).

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1523
Business, biodiversity, and innovation in Brazil
Anna C. Fornero Aguiar, Fabio R. Scarano, Reinaldo L. Bozelli, Paulo D. Branco, Paula Ceotto, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Rafael Loyola, José Maria C. da Silva
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:6-16
1523
Highlights

  • There is room for expansion in the academic engagement with businesses in Brazil, notably in issues related to biodiversity and sustainability.

  • To tackle existing issues: offsets, licensing, and private reserves are fronts for engagement between academia and businesses in Brazil.

  • To tap into new opportunities: sustainable bioeconomy, access and benefit sharing, and environmental, social, and corporate governance are topics whereby academia-businesses partnerships in Brazil can innovate.

  • A mindset shift in academia and corporations will be required to foster sustainable businesses from a biodiversity perspective.

Open access
1421
Power lines and birds: An overlooked threat in South America
Natalia Rebolo-Ifrán, Pablo Plaza, Juan Manuel Pérez-García, Víctor Gamarra-Toledo, Francisco Santander, Sergio A. Lambertucci
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:71-84
1421
Highlights

  • Power lines are a major cause of bird mortality due to electrocutions and collisions.

  • This threat has been poorly studied in South America.

  • Scientific and grey literature suggest this threat is present in this subcontinent.

  • A total of 85 bird species from 34 families affected by power lines were identified.

  • More studies assessing bird mortality due to this threat in South America are needed.

Open access
1396
Intraspecific variation of invaded pollination networks – the role of pollen-transport, pollen-transfer and different levels of biological organization
Carine Emer, Jane Memmott
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:151-63
1396
Highlights

  • The role of intraspecific variation across levels of biological organization is an unanswered question in invaded and non-invaded pollination networks.

  • Significant intraspecific variation was detected in the pollen loads and pollen deposition of the invasive plant Impatiens glandulifera.

  • Only a few individual pollinators carried large amounts of alien pollen grains, potentially function as super-spreaders driving the invading process.

  • Node and structural specialization were higher for individual-based and pollen-transfer networks in comparison to species-level and pollen-transport networks.

  • These findings shed light on the mechanisms of the (re)organization of population niches and the invasion biology dynamics scaling-up to community and ecosystem functioning.

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1311
How habitat loss and fragmentation are reducing conservation opportunities for vertebrates in the most threatened savanna of the World
João Paulo S. Vieira-Alencar, Bruna E. Bolochio, Ana Paula Carmignotto, Ricardo J. Sawaya, Luís Fábio Silveira, Paula Hanna Valdujo, Cristiano de Campos Nogueira, Javier Nori
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:121-7
1311
Highlights

  • Protecting further 6.75% of the Cerrado doubles representation of endemic tetrapods.

  • Larger priority areas for conservation are concentrated in northern Cerrado.

  • Small and m edium priority areas are scattered across southern Cerrado.

  • Our ability to represent endemic terrestrial vertebrates decreased with recent habitat loss.

  • Habitat loss precludes the representation of tetrapods in large top priority areas.

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1180
Predicting the range expansion of invasive alien grasses under climate change in the Neotropics
Aline Lopes, Layon Orestes Demarchi, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade, Jochen Schöngart, Florian Wittmann, Cássia Beatriz Rodrigues Munhoz, Cristiane Silva Ferreira, Augusto Cesar Franco
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:128-35
1180
Highlights

  • Not all invasive grasses would be equally affected by climate change.

  • Range retractions are projected for some species regardless of the scenario.

  • We expect species niches to shift to areas not yet occupied.

  • Arundo donax had the greatest range expansion in the SSP3 and SSP5 scenarios.

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1168
Governance lessons from the Atlantic Forest to the conservation of the Amazon
Luís Fernando Guedes Pinto, Joice Ferreira, Erika Berenguer, Marcos Rosa
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:1-5
1168
Highlights

  • More than 12% of the watersheds of the Brazilian Amazon already have or are approaching natural forest cover below 30% and more than a third have below 80%.

  • Regions of the Amazon already forest cover below the average of the Atlantic Forest.

  • We propose learning policy lessons from the Atlantic Forest to avoid the same trajectory as the Amazon.

  • They need to be implemented urgently to stop the route towards its tipping point, address the climate emergency and assure the provision of ecosystem services.

Open access
1149
Global South leadership towards inclusive tropical ecology and conservation
Carolina Ocampo-Ariza, Manuel Toledo-Hernández, Felipe Librán-Embid, Dolors Armenteras, Justine Vansynghel, Estelle Raveloaritiana, Isabelle Arimond, Andrés Angulo-Rubiano, ... Bea Maas
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:17-24
1149
Highlights

  • Limited Global South participation and parachute science hampers tropical ecology.

  • Upgrades in equity, diversity and inclusion rooted in the Global South are essential.

  • Tropical conservation practices must be led by local researchers and stakeholders.

  • Recognition of science in the Global South may improve through outreach.

  • International research must provide equitable workloads and recognition to Global South researchers.

Open access
1140
Fire reduces taxonomic and functional diversity in Neotropical moist seasonally flooded forests
María Constanza Meza, Josep María Espelta, Tania Marisol González, Dolors Armenteras
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:101-11
1140
Highlights

  • Irrespective of severity, fire reduces forest taxonomic and functional α and β diversity.

  • Fire filtered species with similar functional traits and thus increases functional homogeneity.

  • Resprouting capacity and leaf phenology (deciduousness) are two key traits that enhance post fire tree survival.

  • Fire decreases the diversity and abundance of plants dispersed by animals.

  • Fire uncouples the dominant functional traits between mature surviving trees and the seedlings that regenerate.

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1055
Contrasting nation-wide citizen science and expert collected data on hummingbird–plant interactions
Camila Bosenbecker, Pedro Amaral Anselmo, Roberta Zuba Andreoli, Gustavo Hiroaki Shimizu, Paulo Eugênio Oliveira, Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:164-71
1055
Highlights

  • We extracted hummingbird-plant data from an online photograph platform.

  • Data were compared with expert collected data, available in the literature.

  • There were some similarities between citizen and expert data.

  • For the hummingbirds, overlap in plant species interacting was generally low.

  • Unstructured citizen science data can be a rich source of interaction information.

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1049
A participatory approach to map strategic areas for conservation and restoration at a regional scale
Luara Tourinho, Sara Maria de Brito Alves, Felipe Bastos Lobo da Silva, Marcio Verdi, Nádia Roque, Abel Augusto Conceição, Lidyanne Y.S. Aona, Guilherme de Oliveira, ... Bruno Vilela
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:52-61
1049
Highlights

  • Identifying and mapping strategic areas is a starting point for conservation and restoration actions.

  • Different participator perspectives allow changes in the methodology originally adopted.

  • The participatory approach provides highly effective and assessable mapping prioritization.

Open access
1040
A call for improving the Key Biodiversity Areas framework
Harith Farooq, Alexandre Antonelli, Søren Faurby
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:85-91
1040
Highlights

  • The KBA Standards may not be scalable to all biodiversity.

  • If everywhere can be a Key Biodiversity Area, nowhere is “Key”.

  • If any area is “Key” the assessment process is solely based on manageability.

Open access
1038
Taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional responses of plant communities in different life-stages to forest cover loss
L. Rocha-Santos, D. Faria, E. Mariano-Neto, E.R. Andrade, J.A. Bomfim, D.C. Talora, M.S. Pessoa, E. Cazetta
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:136-42
1038
Highlights

  • Forest loss leads to decline in tree species richness.

  • Species richness is effective for recording biodiversity responses to deforestation.

  • Extinction debt might not be masking long-term effects of deforestation.

  • High conservation value of disturbed forests, in terms of evolutionary history.

  • Disturbed forests are partly maintaining ecosystem function now, and in the future.

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1000
No relationship between biodiversity and forest carbon sink across the subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Kauane Maiara Bordin, Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert, Joice Klipel, Rayana Caroline Picolotto, Rodrigo Scarton Bergamin, Ana Carolina da Silva, Pedro Higuchi, Elivane Salete Capellesso, ... Sandra Cristina Müller
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:112-20
1000
Highlights

  • Secondary and old-growth subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forests are acting as carbon sink.

  • Biodiversity is not related to net carbon change in this region.

  • Subtropical Brazilian Atlantic Forests should be conserved irrespective to their ages to maintain carbon sink.

  • Biodiversity and carbon-related processes should be taken as conservation targets.

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1000
Optimal references for ecological restoration: the need to protect references in the tropics
Tiago Shizen Pacheco Toma, Gerhard Ernst Overbeck, Milton de Souza Mendonça, G.Wilson Fernandes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:25-32
1000
Highlights

  • References are key to restoration, especially in highly threatened ecosystems.

  • Optimal references connect conservation and restoration.

  • Small remnants that serve as references can lead to landscape-scale benefits.

  • A detailed habitat classification is needed for adequate protection and restoration.

  • Ensuring optimal references protection will benefit future restoration initiatives.

Open access
990
Large-scale patterns of useful native plants based on a systematic review of ethnobotanical studies in Argentina
María Virginia Palchetti, Fernando Zamudio, Sebastián Zeballos, Agustín Davies, Gloria E. Barboza, Melisa A. Giorgis
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:93-100
990
Highlights

  • A country-level database of useful native plants is provided.

  • Plant families with high species richness have a high number of useful species.

  • Plant species with great cultural importance are frequent in the landscape.

  • 70% of useful native plant species are used exclusively in one region.

  • Differences in the plants used reflect the biogeographical affinities between regions.

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976
A critical assessment of ex situ conservation based on the Brazilian avifauna: Are we focusing on what is easier?
Renato Feliciano, Abraão de Barros Leite, Maíra Castro Garbeloto, Luís Fábio Silveira, Mercival Roberto Francisco
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:62-70
976
Highlights

  • Brazil has the highest number of threatened avian taxa.

  • Taxa eligibility for ex situ conservation is not correlated to level of threat.

  • Larger taxa with easily replicable diets are predominant in ex situ conservation facilities.

  • Presence in traffic favors taxa eligibility for ex situ conservation plans.

  • Ex situ conservation reach is constrained by the lack of experimentation and of risk-taking.

Open access
959
Habitat protection and restoration: Win–win opportunities for migratory birds in the Northern Andes
Ana M. Gonzalez, Nestor Espejo, Dolors Armenteras, Keith A. Hobson, Kevin J. Kardynal, Greg W. Mitchell, Nancy Mahony, Christine A. Bishop, ... Scott Wilson
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:33-40
959
Highlights

  • Colombia covers over half of key wintering areas for migratory birds in South America.

  • Most of the migrants’ overwinter range overlaps with working landscapes.

  • Priority national restoration/rehabilitation areas are ineffective to benefit migrants.

  • Forest conservation needs actions involving vulnerable and minority groups.

Open access
957
Neotropical understory birds and mammals show divergent behaviour responses to human pressure
Pablo Jose Negret, Mathew Scott Luskin, Bibiana Gomez-Valencia, Angelica Diaz-Pulido, Luis Hernando Romero, Adriana Restrepo, Julie G. Zaehringer, Kendall R. Jones, ... Calebe Pereira Mendes
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2023;21:180-8
957
Highlights

  • Diel activity of 45% of birds and 36% of mammals assessed significantly changed in areas with higher human pressures.

  • In general Mammals became more nocturnal, while birds became more diurnal.

  • For birds increased diurnality may not be strongly associated with direct human pressures like hunting, and instead with habitat disturbance.

  • Our results align with other studies that show increased nocturnality for mammals in areas with high human pressure.

  • Opposing behavioural responses to humans among vertebrates have repercussions for intraguild predation, competition and conservation considerations.

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Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation