Journal Information

Most often read

3190
Minimum costs to conserve 80% of the Brazilian Amazon
José Maria Cardoso da Silva, Luís Claudio Fernandes Barbosa, Julie Topf, Ima Célia G. Vieira, Fabio R. Scarano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:216-22
3190
Highlights

  • Conserving ∼80% of the Brazilian Amazon is still feasible

  • Conservation areas are essential for a new regional development model

  • The cost of establishing.1.3 million km2 of new conservation areas is USD 1.0–1.6 billion

  • The annual cost of 3.5 million km2 of conservation areas is USD 1.7–2.8 billion

  • A new ambitious, decentralized, and agile fund mechanism is required

Open access
2472
Macroscale climate change predictions have little influence on landscape-scale habitat suitability
Luara Tourinho, Jayme A. Prevedello, Bruno M. Carvalho, Diogo S.B. Rocha, Mariana M. Vale
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:29-37
2472
Highlights

  • Climate change is unlikely to modify relative habitat suitability for birds at a landscape scale in the Atlantic Forest (AF).

  • AF landscapes with higher forest cover will remain more suitable regardless of climate change.

  • Predicted impacts of climate change are minor regardless the spatial scale at which climatic suitability is quantified.

  • Most AF landscapes have low habitat suitability for birds due to extensive deforestation.

Open access
2370
Vegetation cover restricts habitat suitability predictions of endemic Brazilian Atlantic Forest birds
Anna Elizabeth de Oliveira-Silva, Augusto João Piratelli, Damaris Zurell, Fernando Rodrigues da Silva
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:1-8
2370
Highlights

  • Non-climatic variables improve ecological niche models (ENMs).

  • Addition of vegetation cover constrains predicted suitable areas.

  • Estimated areas differ most for birds with high and medium forest dependency.

  • ENM provides useful information to support quick decisions at broad scale.

Open access
2120
Bird taxonomic and functional diversity in urban settlements within a forest biome vary with the landscape matrix
Anahí S. Vaccaro, Julieta Filloy, M. Isabel Bellocq
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:9-17
2120
Highlights

  • Functional and taxonomic composition of bird assemblages inside cities vary with the surrounding habitat.

  • A landscape matrix mainly composed of native habitat may mitigate the urban impact on native communities.

  • Species and traits turnover was more evident in the agricultural than in the forest landscape matrix.

  • Urban areas should be managed to maintain a forest component and sure successful bird breed.

Open access
2103
Top-down local management, perceived contribution to people, and actual detriments influence a rampant human‒top predator conflict in the Neotropics
Santiago Zuluaga, F. Hernán Vargas, Sebastián Kohn, Juan M. Grande
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:91-102
2103
Highlights

  • Neotropical governments and their environmental agencies have generally poor governance.

  • Poor governance can be influencing human-top predator conflicts in the Neotropics.

  • Forty percent of interviewees disapproved the current top-down local management.

  • Disapproval of top-down local management influenced human tolerance independently.

  • Neotropics need a better balance between bottom-up and top-down governance.

Open access
1957
Are narrow-ranging species doomed to extinction? Projected dramatic decline in future climate suitability of two highly threatened species
Nicolas Dubos, Frederique Montfort, Clovis Grinand, Marie Nourtier, Gregory Deso, Jean-Michel Probst, Julie Hanta Razafimanahaka, Raphali Rodlis Andriantsimanarilafy, Eddie Fanantenana Rakotondrasoa, Pierre Razafindraibe, Richard Jenkins, Angelica Crottini
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:18-28
1957
Highlights

  • The impact of future climate change on narrow-ranging species is poorly documented.

  • We used a combination of techniques and high-resolution predictors to fill this gap.

  • We predict a complete extirpation of suitable conditions across their range by 2070.

  • Climate risk may be higher than expected in tropical narrow-ranging species.

  • Proactive conservation actions are needed in tropical heterogeneous environments.

Open access
1910
Large herbivore-palm interactions modulate the spatial structure of seedling communities and productivity in Neotropical forests
Nacho Villar, Fabiana Rocha-Mendes, Roger Guevara, Mauro Galetti
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:45-59
1910
Highlights

  • Here we demonstrated that large mammalian herbivores play a fundamental role in plant consumption and trampling.

  • Because large herbivore activities are associated to palm fruit patches, we found that palm-herbivore association is an important component to understand forest productivity.

  • Defaunation and palm harvesting can lead to important changes in forest structure, biomass and diversity in tropical forests.

Open access
1818
Trait shifts in bird communities from primary forest to human settlements in Mexican seasonal forests. Are there ruderal birds?
Leopoldo D. Vázquez-Reyes, Horacio Paz-Hernández, Héctor O. Godínez-Álvarez, María del Coro Arizmendi, Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:117-25
1818
Highlights

  • Anthropization drives directional changes on functional traits of bird communities of Neotropical seasonal forests.

  • Birds within anthropized habitat have short life cycles, rapid development, high fecundity, and broad ecological niches.

  • According to the Ecological Strategies Theory, birds could show the ruderal strategy within the perturbed anthropic habitat.

Open access
1814
Long-term persistence of the large mammal lowland tapir is at risk in the largest Atlantic forest corridor
Bruno H. Saranholi, Alexandra Sanches, José F. Moreira-Ramírez, Carolina da Silva Carvalho, Mauro Galetti, Pedro M. Galetti Jr
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:263-71
1814
Highlights

  • Two genetic populations (inland and coastal) were found, reflecting the two major forested blocks.

  • Population genetic structure was better explained by elevation.

  • Low effective population size was found in both genetic populations.

  • The largest rainforest continuum is not totally permeable to gene flow of large mammals.

  • Lowland tapir conservation efforts should be taken even for populations living in large continuous areas.

Open access
1794
Landscape composition regulates the spillover of beneficial insects between forest remnants and adjacent coffee plantations
Hugo Reis Medeiros, Felipe Martello, Jean Paul Metzger, Karen Amanda Harper, Ximo Mengual, Ciro Abbud Righi, Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:111-6
1794
Highlights

  • 9847 wasps classified into 75 species and 23 genera were recorded.

  • Inter-habitat dissimilarity decreased with increasing forest cover in the landscape.

  • Landscape diversity, edge density, and pesticide usage did not affect spillover.

  • Forested landscapes provide more spillover opportunities than do crop landscapes.

Open access
1767
Drivers of change in tropical protected areas: Long-term monitoring of a Brazilian biodiversity hotspot
Nubia C.S. Marques, Ricardo B. Machado, Ludmilla M.S. Aguiar, Luciana Mendonça-Galvão, Rosana Tidon, Emerson M. Vieira, Onildo J. Marini-Filho, Mercedes Bustamante
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:69-78
1767
Highlights

  • Long-term monitoring of different drivers of changes increases the effectiveness of protected areas.

  • Long-term Ecological Research Program helps detecting complex environmental changes.

  • The effects of disturbances on biodiversity and ecosystems were explored over 22 years in the central Cerrado.

  • Even in Protected Areas, changes in surroundings affect biodiversity and ecosystems.

  • Significant ecological changes were detected in responses to long-term stressors.

Open access
1738
Divergent herb communities in drier and chronically disturbed areas of the Brazilian Caatinga
Ligia A.F. Vieira, Marcelo Tabarelli, Gustavo Souza, Rubens T. Queiroz, Bráulio A. Santos
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:132-40
1738
Highlights

  • Caatinga dry forests are becoming increasingly drier and chronically disturbed.

  • Herb communities negatively respond to rainfall reduction and increase disturbance.

  • Responses may be mediated by the local density of woody plants.

  • Multiple successional pathways should emerge with the new environmental conditions.

  • Management and conservation actions are urgent to protect Caatinga herb diversity.

Open access
1725
From whom and for what? Deforestation in Dry Chaco from local-urban inhabitants’ perception
S. Marinaro, L. Sacchi, N.I. Gasparri
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:141-50
1725
Highlights

  • Agriculture-frontier classification allows organizing social-ecological processes.

  • Forest exploitation and real-estate transactions are daily drivers in the early stages.

  • Global agribusiness and livestock are drivers dominating the advanced stages.

  • Only crop replacement takes place during mature frontier stages.

  • Extra-regional people and governments are mentioned as the responsible social actors.

Open access
1711
Fire and flood: How the Pantanal ant communities respond to multiple disturbances?
Filipe V. de Arruda, Fabrício B. Teresa, Viviane M.G. Layme, Ricardo E. Vicente, Flávio Camarota, Thiago J. Izzo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:197-204
1711
Highlights

  • Fires affect the ant communities in the Brazilian Pantanal wetland.

  • Flooding, at a local scale, does not interact with fire to determine ant community structure.

  • Ant communities were resilient, and the observed effect of fire on their structure decreased after one year and was not noticed after four years.

  • Ant community recovery takes years, and there is a need for long intervals between fires to maintain the original ant community structure.

  • The observed increase in fire frequency can be detrimental to the ant community structure recovery, threatening the conservation of ants.

Open access
1690
Assessing the conservation of eastern Ecuadorian cloud forests in climate change scenarios
Alexander P.R.R. de Meyer, H. Mauricio Ortega-Andrade, Gabriel M. Moulatlet
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:159-67
1690
Highlights

  • The tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) in Ecuador are endangered ecosystems that may be affected by climate change.

  • Community – level ecological niche models are useful to reconstruct TMCF boundaries to guide conservation strategies.

  • By year 2050, 42 -54 % TMCF area reduction and 207 – 429 m upwards elevational shift was predicted by our models.

  • TMCF model corresponds to 68% of the Ecuadorian ecosystem map, with transitional zones on adjacent montane ecosystems.

  • TMCF under protected areas might increase in future scenarios, as climatic suitability areas will move to higher elevations.

Open access
1675
Matrix quality and habitat type drive the diversity pattern of forest steppe fragments
Róbert Gallé, Csaba Tölgyesi, Attila Torma, Zoltán Bátori, Gábor Lörinczi, Péter Szilassi, Nikolett Gallé-Szpisjak, Hardeep Kaur, Tímea Makra, Gábor Módra, Péter Batáry
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:60-8
1675
Highlights

  • Small forest-steppe parches are embedded in pine plantation matrix in Central-Europe.

  • Species turnover was higher for steppes than for forests, steppes are more isolated.

  • Habitat type, fragments size and matrix quality affects plants spiders and ants.

  • The habitat-specific matrix quality effects call for a situation-specific management.

  • Establishing native tree plantation and extensive grasslands conserve the biota.

Open access
1650
Protection status and density-dependent effects mediate the abundance-suitability relationship of a threatened species
Aline Cavalcante de Souza, Marcelo de Moraes Weber, Jayme Augusto Prevedello
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:168-76
1650
Highlights

  • The abundance-suitability relationship differs between protected and unprotected populations of Euterpe edulis.

  • The magnitude and direction of the relationship is modulated by population density.

  • The abundance-suitability relationship is positive only outside protected areas and in low-density populations.

  • Protection status and density-dependence should be incorporated into abundance-suitability models of threatened species.

Open access
1632
Projected responses of Cerrado anurans to climate change are mediated by biogeographic character
Gabriela Alves-Ferreira, Gastón Andrés Fernandez Giné, Danilo de Siqueira Fortunato, Mirco Solé, Neander Marcel Heming
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:126-31
1632
Highlights

  • Climate change threatens Cerrado anurans.

  • ∼70% of anuran species tend to lose potential distribution areas.

  • Not all species are likely to be equally affected by climate change.

  • Anurans’ responses to climate change are mediated by biogeographic character.

Open access
1625
Cerrado wetlands: multiple ecosystems deserving legal protection as a unique and irreplaceable treasure
Giselda Durigan, Cássia Beatriz Munhoz, Maria José Brito Zakia, Rafael S. Oliveira, Natashi A.L. Pilon, Raul Silva Telles do Valle, Bruno M.T. Walter, Eliane A. Honda, Arnildo Pott
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:185-96
1625
Highlights

  • Wetlands function as the “kidneys of the planet”, assuring water supply and quality.

  • Cerrado wetlands have distinct vegetation types playing equivalent ecological roles.

  • All types of Cerrado wetlands should have the same status of legal protection.

  • The maximum water-table elevation defines the wetlands’ limit, biota and functioning.

  • All human actions threatening the hydrology of Cerrado wetlands must be regulated.

Open access
1603
Comparative influence of anthropogenic landscape pressures on cause-specific mortality of mammals
Jacob Hill, Travis DeVault, Jerrold Belant
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2022;20:38-44
1603
Highlights

  • We compared the 8 components of the Human Influence Index (HII) on cause-specific mortality of North American mammals.

  • Human population density had greatest positive influence on proportion of anthropogenic mortality.

  • Conservation programs may be enhanced by more strongly considering the effects of human population density to conserve mammal populations.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation