Journal Information

Most often read

8594
Understanding Brazil’s catastrophic fires: Causes, consequences and policy needed to prevent future tragedies
Vânia R. Pivello, Ima Vieira, Alexander V. Christianini, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Luciana da Silva Menezes, Christian Niel Berlinck, Felipe P.L. Melo, José Antonio Marengo, ... Gerhard E. Overbeck
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:233-55
8594
Highlights

  • Fire incidence in Brazil increased in 2019−2020, with unprecedented magnitude in the Pantanal.

  • Fire effects vary according to the evolutionary history of the affected ecosystem.

  • A drier climate and land use changes increase the risk of wildfires throughout Brazil.

  • Poor governance further exacerbates the risk and damage of wildfires.

  • Fire policies must be improved by collaboration among different sectors of the society.

Open access
4599
COVID-19 pandemic as a learning path for grounding conservation policies in science
Renata Pardini, Diana Bertuol-Garcia, Beatriz Demasi Araújo, João Pedro Mesquita, Beatriz Moraes Murer, Marcella do Carmo Pônzio, Fernando Silvério Ribeiro, Mariana Laganaro Rossi, Paulo Inácio Prado
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:109-14
4599
Highlights

  • The pandemic brought to light diverse issues concerning the science-policy interface.

  • These issues are particularly relevant for conservation science and practice.

  • To tackle them requires recognizing that science is not value-free.

  • Science should be immersed in processes that include conflict mediation to set goals.

  • To that end, it is vital to change science policies and training.

Open access
4229
Collaborative management as a way to enhance Araucaria Forest resilience
Mario M. Tagliari, Carolina Levis, Bernardo M. Flores, Graziela D. Blanco, Carolina T. Freitas, Juliano A. Bogoni, Ghislain Vieilledent, Nivaldo Peroni
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:131-42
4229
Highlights

  • Top-down restrictive measures are the basis of Araucaria Forest System conservation

  • Bottom-up collaborative management could favor keystone plant Araucaria angustifolia

  • Top-down model had negative feedback that dampens the system limiting its resilience

  • Bottom-up model had positive feedback expanding the system and its general resilience

  • Collaborative management could maintain the Araucaria Forests System in the long term

Open access
3812
Bird Conservation in Brazil: Challenges and practical solutions for a key megadiverse country
Pedro Ferreira Develey
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:171-8
3812
Highlights

  • Brazil is among the three countries with the highest diversity of bird species in the Americas, but it is the first in number of threatened birds with 166 species.

  • Greatest number of endangered species are recorded in the Atlantic Forest.

  • 79,500 ha of new areas officially protect the most endangered bird species in Brazil.

  • 30-40,000 Brazilian birdwatchers generating information for bird conservation.

Open access
3667
Conservation biology: four decades of problem- and solution-based research
Carlos Roberto Fonseca, Gustavo B. Paterno, Demétrio L. Guadagnin, Eduardo M. Venticinque, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Gislene Ganade, Jean Paul Metzger, Johannes Kollmann, ... Wolfgang W. Weisser
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:121-30
3667
Highlights

  • Conservation biology literature is dominated by problem-based research.

  • Solution-based papers are becoming more common along the last four decades.

  • Solution-to-problem word ratio suggests greater concern with conservation action.

  • Higher emphasis on solution-based research can advance biodiversity conservation.

Open access
3614
Species distribution model reveals only highly fragmented suitable patches remaining for giant armadillo in the Brazilian Cerrado
Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Bruna Gomes de Oliveira, Nina Attias, Arnaud Leonard Jean Desbiez
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:43-52
3614
Highlights

  • Probability of giant armadillo presence was associated with forests and savannas.

  • In Mato Grosso do Sul, suitable habitat is heavily fragmented.

  • Less suitable altered habitat presents high resistance for travel and dispersal.

  • There are only 69 patches of suitable habitat ≥25 km2 in the region.

  • Populations surviving in these remnants could be declining or functionally extinct.

Open access
3595
Most Mexican hummingbirds lose under climate and land-use change: Long-term conservation implications
David A. Prieto-Torres, Laura E. Nuñez Rosas, Daniela Remolina Figueroa, María del Coro Arizmendi
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:487-99
3595
Highlights

  • Global climate and land-use changes will have a serious impact on individual species and communities of hummingbirds.

  • Existing protected areas showed an important reduction of surface across the species distribution and hotspot areas for future.

  • A large proportion of “safe places” does not match the areas targeted for agriculture expansion in future scenarios.

  • It is imperative that policy-makers promote policies that are resilient to both threats as soon as possible.

Open access
3529
Land-use changes lead to functional loss of terrestrial mammals in a Neotropical rainforest
Marcelo Magioli, Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz, Adriano Garcia Chiarello, Mauro Galetti, Eleonore Zulnara Freire Setz, Adriano Pereira Paglia, Nerea Abrego, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Otso Ovaskainen
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:161-70
3529
Highlights

  • Mammal richness and body mass are directly and negatively affected by deforestation.

  • Vulnerable ecological functions lose prevalence with land-use change.

  • Persistent ecological functions are benefitted by increasing anthropogenic land-use.

  • Five out of ten ecological functions lose prevalence in human-modified landscapes.

  • The loss of ecological functions might compromise the persistence of forest remnants.

Open access
3521
Landscape ecology in the Anthropocene: an overview for integrating agroecosystems and biodiversity conservation
Juliana Silveira dos Santos, Pavel Dodonov, Júlia Emi F. Oshima, Felipe Martello, Andrelisa Santos de Jesus, Manuel Eduardo Ferreira, Carlos M. Silva-Neto, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Rosane Garcia Collevatti
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:21-32
3521
Highlights

  • Agroecosystem management needs to be considered in landscape ecology studies.

  • Three components of heterogeneity are important to characterize agroecosystems.

  • Studies should include the economic gains provided by ecological farming practices.

  • Studies should include social and economic components of agricultural landscapes.

  • Fine spatial and temporal data are necessary to better characterize agroecosystems.

Open access
3424
Factors influencing bat road casualties in a Neotropical savanna
Daniel de Figueiredo Ramalho, Débora Resende, Thiago Furtado de Oliveira, Rodrigo Augusto Lima Santos, Ludmilla Moura de Souza Aguiar
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:189-94
3424
Highlights

  • Estimation of over 4740 road-killed bats during a 5-year period.

  • Phyllostomidae bats were the most affected by roadkill in the study area.

  • Road casualties were more numerous during rainy season.

  • Collisions occurred 12 times more in four-lane highways than in two-lane ones.

  • Distance from water and presence of light were not significantly related to roadkill.

Open access
3395
To graze or not to graze: A core question for conservation and sustainable use of grassy ecosystems in Brazil
Rodrigo Baggio, Gerhard E. Overbeck, Giselda Durigan, Valério D. Pillar
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:256-66
3395
Highlights

  • Grassy ecosystems in South America have developed under grazing by large herbivores until the Early Holocene.

  • The grassy biomes need grazing animals and/or fire to maintain their biodiversity and ecological characteristics.

  • Grazing in the Legal Reserve can represent a social process with benefits for land users and biodiversity conservation.

  • Knowledge on grazing in Brazil’s grassy ecosystems should be developed by researchers and stakeholders.

Open access
3321
Combined impacts of climate and land use change and the future restructuring of Neotropical bat biodiversity
Fernando Gonçalves, Lilian P. Sales, Mauro Galetti, Mathias M. Pires
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:454-63
3321
Highlights

  • The expansion of bat habitat generalists coupled with range contraction of bat habitat specialist will homogenize the Neotropical bat communities.

  • Warm-adapted bat species might expand their ranges towards higher altitudes, while mountain-top specialists will run out of suitable climate.

  • Monitoring programs will be important to track species that are predicted to become extinct and also the projected range expansion of sanguivorous bats.

  • The most effective way to protect Neotropical bat species will be increasing landscape connectivity and safeguarding the refugia highlighted here.

Open access
3210
Opportunities and challenges of other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) for biodiversity conservation
Helena Alves-Pinto, Jonas Geldmann, Harry Jonas, Veronica Maioli, Andrew Balmford, Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec, Renato Crouzeilles, Bernardo Strassburg
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:115-20
3210
Highlights

  • The inclusion of OECMs into the post-2020 GBF may enable the recognition of other actors.

  • OECMs can contribute to improve linkages between equitable and effective conservation.

  • OECM’s identification, reporting and monitoring are a challenge.

  • Robust guidelines, and improved monitoring, are recommended to ensure OECMs integrity.

Open access
3189
Climate change will reduce the potential distribution ranges of Colombia’s most valuable pollinators
Victor H. Gonzalez, Marlon E. Cobos, Joanna Jaramillo, Rodulfo Ospina
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:195-206
3189
Highlights

  • Most species have restricted distribution within the natural regions of Colombia.

  • Seven of nine species would experience reduction in their climatically suitable areas.

  • Relocation of nests outside bees’ native range needs to be avoided.

  • Conservation policies and monitoring programs are urgently needed.

Open access
3155
Differential effects of fire on the occupancy of small mammals in neotropical savanna-gallery forests
Tania Marisol González, Juan David González-Trujillo, Alberto Muñoz, Dolors Armenteras
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:179-88
3155
Highlights

  • Fire has a strong impact in structuring the community of non-volant small mammals.

  • Fire may restrict and promote the occurrence of different mammal species.

  • Vegetation attributes have a fundamental role in the occupancy by small mammals.

  • Fire might disrupt gallery forests’ functioning affecting keystone interactions.

Open access
3144
Challenges and perspectives for the Brazilian semi-arid coast under global environmental changes
M.O. Soares, C.C. Campos, P.B.M. Carneiro, H.S. Barroso, R.V. Marins, C.E.P. Teixeira, M.O.B. Menezes, L.S. Pinheiro, ... T.M. Garcia
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:267-78
3144
Highlights

  • Changes in the Brazilian semi-arid coast reveal key questions to advance research.

  • Changes in the semi-arid coast can have consequences in the ecological stability and connectivity.

  • Modifications of the coastal dynamics can impact structure and function of adjacent marine ecosystems.

  • Semi-arid coast community dynamics under ongoing climate change should be monitored.

  • Beaches and nearshore mangroves erosion contrast with mangrove expansion inland.

Open access
3108
Beyond patch size: The impact of regional context and habitat quality on three endangered primates
Carmen Galán-Acedo, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Colin A. Chapman
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:207-15
3108
Highlights

  • Primate responses to forest patch size and quality vary among species and regions.

  • Patch size is the best predictor of two species in two different regions.

  • Patch quality (vegetation attributes) better predicts primates in two regions.

  • Conservation outcomes can improve if considering both patch size and quality.

Open access
3103
Long-term contamination of the Rio Doce estuary as a result of Brazil’s largest environmental disaster
Fabrício Â. Gabriel, Amanda D. Ferreira, Hermano M. Queiroz, Ana Luisa S. Vasconcelos, Tiago O. Ferreira, Angelo F. Bernardino
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:417-28
3103
Highlights

  • Long-term (>4.2 years) contamination and ecological risks of the Rio Doce estuary.

  • Sediment metal(loid)s concentrations support a continued potential adverse biological effect.

  • Despite a decrease in metal(loid)s concentration, the chronic contamination is still above reference values.

  • The Rio Doce estuary works as a sink for tailings and a source of toxic metal(loid)s.

Open access
3034
Plant diversity conservation in highly deforested landscapes of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Julia R.S.A. Mangueira, Leandro T.A. Vieira, Thaís N. Azevedo, Ana Paula S. Sabino, Kátia M.P.M.B. Ferraz, Sílvio F.B. Ferraz, Débora C. Rother, Ricardo R. Rodrigues
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:69-80
3034
Highlights

  • Matrices influence plant diversity of inferior stratum, being higher in pastureland.

  • Time since abandonment positively influences plant diversity of the superior stratum.

  • Beta diversity is high at the studied highly deforested landscapes in Atlantic Forest.

  • In sugarcane matrix, richness and composition were explained by landscape structure.

  • In pastureland matrix, plant diversity was more related to landscape dynamic metrics.

Open access
3021
Management of vampire bats and rabies: a precaution for rewilding projects in the Neotropics
Fernando Gonçalves, Mauro Galetti, Daniel G. Streicker
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2021;19:37-42
3021
Highlights

  • Certainly attention needs to be brought to the potential consequences of creating novel animal communities on disease transmission

  • Bats host pathogens that cause significant human and animal morbidity and mortality.

  • We highlight how to prevent, detect and mitigate vampire bats and rabies in rewilding projects.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation