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Climate change promotes species loss and uneven modification of richness patterns in the avifauna associated to Neotropical seasonally dry forests
David A. Prieto-Torres, Andrés Lira-Noriega, Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:19-30

  • Over 77% of bird species tended to reduce their distributional ranges in Neotropical seasonally dry forests for years 2050 and 2070 (regardless climate and dispersal scenarios).

  • This trend includes includes several potential species extirpations from the Neotropical seasonally dry forests.

  • Uneven structural reorganization and biotic heterogeneity throughout the Neotropical seasonally dry forests.

Open access
Diving into science and conservation: recreational divers can monitor reef assemblages
Edson Aparecido Vieira, Leonardo Rodrigues de Souza, Guilherme Ortigara Longo
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:51-9

  • Volunteer divers recorded data for all species selected for the monitoring protocol.

  • Diving experience did not affect data collection.

  • Volunteer divers estimated abundance and size similarly to trained scientific divers.

  • Volunteer divers recorded flagship species, complementing traditional surveys.

  • Recreational divers enjoyed the citizen-science experience, attesting its potential.

Open access
Fire drives abandoned pastures to a savanna-like state in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Jerônimo B.B Sansevero, Mário L. Garbin, Andrea Sánchez-Tapia, Fernando Valladares, Fabio R. Scarano
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:31-6

  • Fire induces the establishment of a savanna-like state in abandoned pastures impairing the recovery of the Atlantic Forest.

  • Vegetation structure and plant functional traits in abandoned pastures were more similar to savannas than to the Atlantic Forest.

  • The establishment of a savanna-like state reveal a worrying future for the Atlantic Forest because the ongoing climate change.

Open access
Drivers of biodiversity associated with rhodolith beds from euphotic and mesophotic zones: Insights for management and conservation
Priscila de Cerqueira Veras, Ivan Pierozzi-Jr., Jaqueline Barreto Lino, Gilberto Menezes Amado-Filho, André Resende de Senna, Cinthya Simone Gomes Santos, Rodrigo Leão de Moura, Flávio Dias Passos, Vinicius José Giglio, Guilherme Henrique Pereira-Filho
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:37-43

  • The density of organisms associated with rhodoliths in the euphotic zone is higher than in the mesophotic zone.

  • Drivers of macrofauna associated to rhodoliths were depth zone, average diameter, biomass of macroalgae and density of rhodoliths.

  • The biodiversity associated with the SW Atlantic mesophotic rhodolith beds seems to be much higher as previous works had shown for other rhodolith beds.

Open access
Can we produce more beef without increasing its environmental impact? Argentina as a case study
Carlos Gonzalez Fischer, David Bilenca
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:1-11

  • Best practice could increase beef production without increasing its impacts.

  • There are trade-offs between GHG reduction and other impacts.

  • Interventions in the cow-calf stage have more potential to increase production.

Open access
Birds’ gap-crossing in open matrices depends on landscape structure, tree size, and predation risk
Cristina Magalhães Silva, Jader Augusto Costa Pereira, Júlia Dell Sol Passos Gusmões, Barbara Emanuelle Penha Mendes, Halissa Valente, Ana Paula Morgan, Dhiéssica Goulart, Érica Hasui
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:73-82

  • Birds use scattered trees mainly as stepping stones and feeding sites.

  • Their use as stepping stones depends on tree size and distance to a forest patch.

  • Bird are able to move greater distances and at higher frequencies across a landscape using stepping stones.

  • Both forest cover and tree aggregation increase tree visits under predation risk.

Open access
Testing the accuracy of biological attributes in predicting extinction risk
Bruna F. Ceretta, Carine O. Fogliarini, Vinicius J. Giglio, Melina F. Maxwell, Luiza S. Waechter, Mariana G. Bender
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:12-8

  • We tested the accuracy of biological attributes to predict reef fish species’ vulnerability to extinction.

  • Megafauna, carnivorous, mobile invertivorous, habitat specialists, highly mobile species and Elasmobranchii have greater extinction risks.

  • Reef sites along southestern Brazil have greater proportions and richness of threatened species.

  • Biological attributes may be a tool to predict the vulnerability of reef fishes.

Open access
Recognizing sources of uncertainty in disease vector ecological niche models: An example with the tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato
Abdelghafar Alkishe, Marlon E. Cobos, A. Townsend Peterson, Abdallah M. Samy
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:91-102

  • For the first time, we used the tick species Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (distributed in different areas around the world) to characterize its global geographic distribution using ecological niche modeling, and explore the uncertainty involved in transferring models in space and time.

  • The global model (the one calibrated in all calibration areas together) predicted broad suitable areas for the species around the world.

  • Models based on each calibration area separately showed the potential geographic distribution of R. sanguineus sensu lato under current-day conditions with high agreement across the eastern United States, southern Mexico, northern South America, Brazil, Europe, North Africa, sub-Saharan countries, Asia, and Australia.

  • The global potential distributions of R. sanguineus sensu lato under future conditions were very similar between the two RCPs, but GCMs, model replicates, and model parametrizations contributed importantly to the overall variation detected.

Open access
Using genetics to plan black rat (Rattus rattus) management in Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Brazil
Fernanda Gatto-Almeida, Florian Pichlmueller, Tatiane Micheletti, Carlos R. Abrahão, Paulo R. Mangini, James C. Russell
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:44-50

  • Two geographically partitioned haplotypes reported.

  • No recent gene flow between islands.

  • Results indicate good chances of Rata Island remaining rat-free after eradication.

Open access
Multiple dimensions of climate change on the distribution of Amazon primates
Lilian Sales, Bruno R. Ribeiro, Colin A. Chapman, Rafael Loyola
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation. 2020;18:83-90

  • Climate change will affect species distribution via variation in suitable area amount, displacement of optimal conditions, and/or exposure to non-analog conditions.

  • We found that Amazon primates will face a plethora of effects of climate change on their geographic ranges.

  • Even in cases that the species range could increase, Amazonian primates will be exposed to novel climates and might not be able to track their preferred environments.

  • Remaining populations might also become fragmented and are forecasted to occupy sub-optimal conditions at the periphery of their future ranges.

  • Conservation assessments should consider the multiple dimensions of climate change.

Open access
Perspectives in Ecology and Conservation

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